One of the important conditions for being beautiful is white teeth. Beautiful white teeth, as a rule, beautify their owner. Today, teeth whitening technology is available to everyone. But how safe is the bleaching process?
And which whitening option should you choose? Before embarking on the teeth whitening process, it is necessary to find out the advantages and disadvantages of whitening.
What does tooth color depend on?
Perfectly white teeth do not exist in nature. Beneath the tooth enamel is the dentin, which is naturally yellow. The shade of the teeth depends on the transparency of the enamel. The natural color of the teeth can be of different shades, from yellowish-white to gray, white.
The natural color of teeth can depend on genetic predisposition and a person’s lifestyle. As a rule, over the years, the enamel of the teeth of smokers develops a brownish color and the teeth lose their white color. Teeth are also darkened by dyes found in coffee, tea, wine and fruit juices. The reason for the appearance of dark spots on the enamel of the teeth can be the intensive use of pills during childhood.
Let us remind you that too much fluoride in drinking water can be the cause of tooth enamel darkening.
Lack of white teeth does not depend on hygiene. It is a cosmetic flaw that can be corrected if you wish. Various bleaching agents can be used for this.
Teeth whitening takes place with the help of special materials. Teeth whitening can be done at home or in a dental clinic.
Teeth whitening at home can be done with the following methods:
- Tooth whitening paste
- Whitening liquids and gels
- Using dental heads for teeth whitening.
If we evaluate the effectiveness of the above-mentioned whitening products, then the whitening system with dental heads will be in the first place. They whiten teeth by 8-10 shades. In the second position are whitening gels and solutions, with the help of which you can achieve 5-7 degree whitening of teeth. And in third place are teeth whitening pastes. As a result of their use, teeth become whiter by 1-3 shades.
Teeth whitening in a dental clinic is performed in a dental chair under the supervision of a doctor and usually lasts 1.5-2 hours. This process uses a high density gel and catalyst. Ultraviolet, laser rays are used to accelerate the whitening process. At the end of the procedure, the teeth are covered with a special gel that reduces the sensitivity of the teeth.
Internal whitening is used when the tooth has been damaged or the nerve has been removed. As a result of these two causes, tooth enamel darkens. The whitening gel is placed inside the tooth and the cavity is covered with a temporary filling. After a few days, the cavity is covered with a permanent filling.
Alternative whitening is suitable for those who want to have dazzling white houses.
- Veneers : They are thin porcelain “plaques” that are attached to the teeth. The advantage of the latter is their stability to dyes.
- Bonding. White quartz resin is placed on the tooth enamel.
Disadvantages of teeth whitening
Teeth whitening can bring a number of unpleasant consequences:
- The sensitivity of teeth to cold and high temperature increases.
- Small holes appear on the enamel, which lead to the erosion of the enamel.
- After teeth whitening, pain may occur, which will be accompanied by several days.
- Inflammation of the gums and tongue.
Teeth whitening is contraindicated
- Pregnant and nursing mothers
- Those with damaged tooth enamel
- Those allergic to bleaching agents
What to expect from the teeth whitening process?
Sometimes people are not satisfied with the results of teeth whitening. The reason is the high expectations attached to the process. Very often people think that they will have snow white teeth after the teeth whitening procedure.
It should be remembered that the teeth whitening process causes the teeth to become several shades whiter. Be sure to consult a dentist before whitening. He will choose the optimal teeth whitening option for you and tell you how many shades your teeth will whiten after the procedure.
Tooth whitening pastes, gels and solutions are practically ineffective. Within 1.5-2 years, the previous color of the teeth returns.
The final decision to turn to teeth whitening is up to you, but below are some helpful tips for healthy teeth:
- Brush your teeth in the morning and evening
- Rinse your teeth after each meal
- Use dental floss
- Eat an apple or carrot every day
- Visit the dentist once a year.